中考英语 110 条重点短语归纳


来源大连家教吧 日期:2011年06月28日 点击:646次 分类家长课堂 上一篇2011年沙区和中山指标... 下一篇大连市2012年初中毕业...

1. down

put down 放下

shut down 把…关上

cut down 砍掉

come down 下来、落下

slow down 减缓、放慢

sit down 坐下

write down 写下

get down 下来,降落

 

2.  after

after all 毕竟.终究

after that 于是.然后

day after day 日复一日地

one after another 相继.挨次

soon after 不久以后

the day after tomorrow 后天

 

3. come up with 找到、提出

catch up with 赶上

wake up 弄醒、醒来

send up 发射

open up 开设、开办

grow up 长大

pick up 拾起、捡起

hands up 举手

eat up 吃光

clean up 打扫干净

give up doing sth.=stop doing sth.放弃做某事

 

4. 到达

arrive at/in + n.

get to +n.到达

reach + n.到达

arrive / get +adv.到达

 

5. back

get…back 退还, 送回去.取回

give back 归还

come back 回来

at the back of 在…的后面

on the way (back)home 在回家路上

 

6. at

at least 至少

at breakfast 早餐时

at desk 在桌前

at once 立刻,马上

at school 在上学

at the same time 同时

at work 在工作

be good at=do well in 善长

laugh at 嘲笑

not…at all 一点也不

at first 起初

at night 在晚上

at noon 中午

at the age of = when sb. was…years old 在…岁时

at last / in the end / finally 较后、终于 at the beginning of the twenty-first century 在 21 世纪初 at the end of 在…终点、结尾 at the moment /now 现在 at the foot of 在…脚下 at Christmas 在圣诞节 at any moment 任何时候 at times(sometimes)有时, 偶尔 at the doctor’s 在医务室 be bad at 不善长 7.for example 例如 for ever 永远 be good for 对…有益 be bad for 对…有害 for long=for a long time 长期 for short 简称 be short for 是…的简称 TV is short for “television” 8. come true 实现 come down 下来 come from=be from 来自, 出生于 come in/into 进入,进来 come on 赶快 come over 过来 come along 走吧,过来,快点 come and go 来来去去 come up 上来 come out 出来,(花)开,(照片)冲洗出来 9.even though=even if 即使、虽然、尽管 10. be pleased with 对…感到满意 be covered with 被…覆盖 be expected to do sth.被期望做某事 be proud of 以…自豪 speak highly of 称赞 be afraid of 害怕 hear of 听说 (hear from sb.收到某人的来信) of cause=certainly 当然可以 plenty of= a lot of 许多 11.by the way 顺便说 by oneself 单*,*自 by the end of 到…为至 by the time (引起时间状语从句) 到…的时候 one by one 依次 by air / plane 乘飞机 by bus / train / car 乘公共汽车/ 火车/轿车 (catch a bus 赶公交车 get on / off the bus 上/下车 take a bus to…=go to …by bus 乘车去) 12.do / try one’s best 尽力 do one’s homework 做家庭作业 do (the/some) shopping 购物 do the cooking 烹饪 do some cleaning 打扫 do the / some washing 洗衣服 do sport 做运动 do with sb / sth.处理 well done 干得好 13.early in the morning 一大早 in the early spring 初春 in my early days 我幼年时期 early bus 早班车 14.make a contribution to 贡献给、捐献 make a telephone call to sb. /ring sb. up /give sb. a call
/phone sb. 给某人打电话 connect…to…把…与…连接起来 be close to 靠近(某地) give birth to 生(孩子) lose to sb 输给 sb . 15.either…or…或者…或者.. on either side of the stree t 街道任何一边 (on each side of the street 街道每一边 on both sides of the street 街道两边) 16.keep doing sth.不停地做某事 (表示状态继续) keep on doing sth. 坚持做某事(表示动作反 复进行) practise doing sth. 练习做某事 enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 finish doing sth.做完某事 go on doing sth.继续做某事(同一件事) 17.go on to do sth.接着做某事(另一 事) go straight along 沿着…一直往前走 go down 下降, go for a walk 散, go over 复习 go shopping 买东西, go to the cinema 去看电影 go well 进展顺利, go off to 动身前往, go out 外出, go to work 去上班, go up 上升, want a go 想试一试 18. think about 考虑 (think of 认为、想起、考虑、想到 think over 仔细考虑 think out 想出) talk about 谈论, worry about 担心, How / What about…?…怎么样? 19.borrow…from …从…借…. (lend…to…把…借给…) from door to door 挨家挨, from time to time 时时 from now on 从今以后 from then on 从那以后 be different from 与…不同 learn…from…向…学习 20.get dressed 穿衣 get into 进入 get / be lost 丢失 get off / on 下/上车 get on well with sb. 与某人相处得好 get out of 从…出来 get ready for +n.为…做准备 get ready to do sth.准备做某事 get / go to sleep (fall asleep) 入睡 (be asleep 睡着) get warm 变暧 get well 康复 get a chance 有机会、得到机会 21. look for 寻找 wait for 等候 look after=take care of 照看 look like 看起来像 look over 检查,复习 look out 小心,从里向外看 look the same 看起来一样 look up 向上看,查单词, look around 环视 look forward to 期望 look through 温习,检查 22. set off 出发、动身 put off 推迟 keep off 避开、不靠近… drop off 放下(某物) turn off 关 jump off 跳离, take off 脱(衣) (飞机)起飞 23. half a kilo 半千克 half an hour 半小时 in half 分成两半 half of the day 半天 24. do eye exercises 做眼保健操 do morning exercises 做早操 take (more) exercise (多)参加体育锻炼 an exercise book 练习本 25. take part in 参加 hand in 上交 in hospital 住院 in surprise 吃惊地 in the sun 在阳光下 in trouble 处于困境 in a minute / moment 马上 26. leave for… 动身去某地 27 feed on 以…为主食 live on 继续活着 base on 以…为根据 carry on 坚持、继续下去 and so on 等等 on the other hand 另一方面 on foot 步行 28. be famous for 以..** be excited about +n./V-ing 对…感到兴奋 be interested in 对…感兴趣 be born 出生 be busy with sth.— be busy doing sth. 忙于 …be amazed at 对..感到惊讶 29. move away 移开 move to (搬)移到 30. search the Internet 上网 31. make sure 确信 make a dialogue 编对话 make a mistake 犯错误 by mistake 由于疏忽 make a noise 吵 闹 make faces 做 鬼 脸 make friends (with) 和 .. 交 朋 友 make room for 给..让地方 make tea 沏茶 make money 赚钱 make a decision 作出决定 32.used to do sth 过去常常做某事 be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事 33. leave sth+介词短语 “把……忘记在某处”
34.forget to do sth. 忘记做某事 encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事 decide to do sth.决定做某事 allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 35.hear sb. to do (doing)sth. 听见某人做某事 36.help sb. (to) do sth .//help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 with one’s help 在某人的帮助下 with pleasure 乐意 37.the summer holiday(s) 暑假 the winter holiday(s)寒假 38.step into 走进 pour into 倒入… 39.in the first 第一 for the first time 第一次 at first 起初 a firs t language 母语 first of all *先 40. leave a message for sb. 给某人留条 give / take sb. a message 给某人捎口信 41. take photos / pictures 照像 take away 拿走 take out 取出 work out 算出 take care 当心 take medicine 服药 take one’s temperature 量体温 take one’s time 别着急 take a walk 散步 take place 发生 42. learn by oneself / teach oneself 自学 learn by heart 背熟 43. a year and a half (one and a half years ) 一年半 44. have a try 尝 试 , 努力 try out 尝 试 、 试 验 find out / about 找 出 , 查 明 have a good / wonderful / great / time 玩得开心 have a (bad) cold (重)感冒 have a meeting / walk / watch 开会/散步/比赛 have sports 进行体育活动 have nothing / sth. to do with 与..无(有)关 have no idea 不知道 have (one’s) medicine 服药 45. offer sb sth. 某人提供某物 46.win first prize 获一等奖 47.all over the world= around the world =throughout the world 全世界 48. all kinds of 各种各样的 49. neither… nor 既不…也不…. 50. not only … but also …不但…而且 , both… and ……和…都 51. the more , the better 越多越好 52. all one’s life 一生 53. as soon as 一…就… as soon as possible 尽可能早地、尽快 as well = too 也 as much as 至多 as little as 至少 regard …as 把…当作… as if 好像 54. no matter 无论… 55 ever since 从那以后,此后一直 56.so far 到目前为止 or so 大约 57. another two hours (=two more hours ) 又(再) 2 个小时 58. three times a week 一周三次 59. the number of …的数量 a (large / good) number of / large numbers of / many 许多 60.less than 少于 less and less 越来越少 61.…is another way of saying …什么是..的另一说法 Quick is another way of saying fast. Bike is short for bicycle. 62. not…until…直到…才… 63.be like 像 feel like +n./V-ing 想要 like best 较喜欢 would like to 想要 64.the 24 hour clock 24 小时制
65.wash away 冲走 run away 逃跑 take away 带走 66.before long 不久 long before / ago 很久以前 for long =for a long time 长期 no longer = not. .any longer 不再 67.more or less = about 或多或少 大约 more than = over 多于,*过 68.every year 每年 every four years 每隔四年 every other day 每隔一天 everyday English / life 日常英语/生活 69. next to 紧挨着 next door 隔壁,邻居 next year 明年 next time 下次 70.receive / get / have a letter from sb. = hear from sb 收到某人的来信 71.on show = on display 展览 72.be filled with / be full of 充满… 73. thank to =because of 由于 74.some day =one day (将来)某一天 all day 终日 day and night 日日夜夜 in a day or two 一两天内 in the old days 从前,旧社会 from day to day (day after day)日复一日 the day before yesterday 前天 the day after tomorrow 后天 Tree Planting Day 植树节 Women’s Day 妇女节 75. keep / stop / prevent… (from) doing sth. 防止(阻止)…做某事 stop to do sth.停下来去做某事 stop doing sth.停止做某事 76.nice and +adj. = very +adj.很,非常 77. a place (places) of interest 名胜 78.three quarters of the information on the Internet 因特网上四分之三的信息 two thirds of the books 三分之二的书 79. credit card 信用卡 80. the increasing population 增长着的人口 81 a path of travel 旅行路线 82. point at / to 指向 83. by sea = by ship 乘船 by the sea = on the sea 在海边 at sea 在海上 84. set one’s mind to do sth. 一心想做某事 85 .multiply…by… 乘以… 86. See you! 再见 You see. 你知道你明白, 你瞧 Let me see.让我想想 see sb. Off 给某人送行 see a / the doctor 看病 see sb . do / doing sth. 看见某人做某事 87 some…others 一些(人,物)…其他(人,物) one…another 一个..另一个(三者或以上 ) one…the other 一个…另一个(总数二个) 88. be worn out 穿旧,磨坏 check out 核实,检查 write out 写出 take sth. out of 从…拿出/取出某物 89. in this way 用这种方法 in a few year’s time 几年以后 in space 在太空 in and out of class 在课内课外 in the last fifteen minutes 在较后十五分钟里 in the second half 在下半场 later in one’s life 在某人后半身 in the air 在空中 in the open air 在户外 90.give sb. an injection 给某人打针 get an injection 打针 91.have been to 去过某地 have gone to 到某地去了 92.here + be+ 名词+ for+某人 ( Here is a letter for you. 这儿有你的一封信.) 93.be far behind +某人 (He is far behind others. 他落后于别人)
94. one of + adj.较高*+复数名词 95. take +某物+with +某人 (You’d better take an umbrella with you.你较好带上雨伞) 96. prefer to= like…better than 宁愿,更喜欢 prefer + V-ing (to do sth.) ( I prefer doing (to do) it myself . 我喜欢自己做那件事). Would / should 等情态动词 + prefer +不定式. (I would prefer to do it myself.我宁愿自己做那件事) , prefer +名词(v-ing) + to+名词 (v-ing) (I prefer learning English to playing football.我愿意学英语而不愿踢足球) ; prefer +不定式(名词)+ rather than + 不带 to 的不定式, (I prefer to walk there rather than go by bus.我 喜欢走着去那里,而不愿乘车) , prefer + 名词(代词) to do sth. (We prefer her not to come.我们宁愿她不来) 97. 人+ spend +time (money) +(in) doing sth. (I spent over two hours (in) finishing my homework. 我 花了两个多小时完成家庭作业.) , 人 + spend + time (money) + on +名词, (He spent 1,000 on the TV set .他花了一千元买电视机). 人 + pay + money +for +sth. ( He p aid ten yuan for the book .他花了 10 元钱买那本书.) It + takes (will take, / took…) + sb. + time (money) + to do sth. (It’ll take you only ten minutes to get there by bus.乘车去那里只花你 10 分钟). 物+ cost + (sb.) + money, (The dictionary cost me 20 yuan .我花 20 元钱买了那本词典) 98. do with + sb. / sth. (What have you done with the pork ? 那些肉你怎么处理了?) 99. mind + if 从句, (Do you mind if I open the window?我开窗你不反对吧?) mind + V-ing, (Would you mind turning on the TV?打开电视你不反对吧?) 100. what…for? / why…? (What do you learn English for? = Why do you learn English?) 101. need + 名词 (v-ing), (The students need some help.学生们需要帮助.This pair of shoes needs mending.这双鞋需要修理) 102. “be used for+ 名词(v-ing),” sed as+名词”, 被作为…使用 (English is used as the first language in none of these countries. ) “be used by+动作执行 者”, 被…使用, 103.be made of 由…制造 (This table is made of wood .这张课桌是木制的) be made from 由…制成 (This kind of paper is made from wood . 这种纸是用木材制成的) be made in+地点, “某地制造”(These cars are made in Germany) be made by+人, “由谁制造的” (This kite is made by Kate . ) 104. more developed countries 发达国家 less developed countries 不发达国家 developing countries 发展中国家 105.be worth + money (V-ing), 值…钱.值得做… This car is worth more than two million yuan in China. This book is well worth reading.这本书很值得一读. 106. the Summer Palace 颐和园 Tian’anmen Square 天安门广场 the Palace Museum 故宫 the Great Hall of the People 人民大会堂 the Temple of Heaven 天坛 the Great Green Wall 绿色长城 PLA 中国人民解放军 PRC 中华人民共和国 the Party 中国共产党 the League 共青团 Peking Opera 京剧 107 a digital camera 数字照相机 a doctor for animals = an animal doctor 动物医生 108. so + 形/副+that 从句 (The place is so cold that nothing can grow in winter.这地方太冷,冬天什 么都不长) so + many / few+ 复数名词 +that 从句 (He has so many books that I don’t know which one to borrow. 他有那么多书,我不知道借哪一本) so + much / little+ 不可数名词+that 从句 (She has so little money that she can’t buy anything .她钱太
少,什么也买不到.) so+ 形容词 +a / an +单数名词 +that 从句 (This is so good a book that all of us like reading it ) , such +a / an+ 形容词+单数名词+ that 从句 (This is such an interesting story that all of us like it) , such +形 容词+复数名词+that 从句. such +形容词+不可数名词+that 从句 (It is such fine weather today that many children are playing outside) 109 .tell sb about sth. 告诉某人关于某事 tell sb+从句 tell sb. to do sth.让某人做某事 tell a lie 说谎 tell a story 讲故事 thank you for +n ./V-ing 谢谢你 … too +adj. / adv. + to + v.太…而不能 too much (修饰名词)太多,过分 much too(修饰 adj./adv.)太 110. hope / wish+不定式(或从句),wish sb. to do sth. What do you mean by…?= What does… mean?… 是什么意思?